regional government, and also in the capital, Otkrytiye Arena was competing with Dynamo Stadium over which would be constructed first. 50 Overall, the new technology has been both praised and criticised by commentators. Preference, especially in the key areas, was given to those with knowledge of foreign languages and volunteering experience, but not necessarily to Russian nationals.
For the draw, the teams were allocated to four pots based on the fifa World Rankings of October 2017. For the first time since 1938, Germany (reigning champions) did not advance past the first round. The construction officially started on The project was completed on Saransk: Mordovia Arena. 35 From the preliminary squad, the team had to name a final squad of 23 players (three of whom must be goalkeepers) by 4 June. 44 45 VAR operations for all games are operating from a single headquarters in Moscow, which receives live video of the games and are in radio contact with the on-field referees. Dancers were also present. Saint Petersburg: Saint Petersburg Stadium. 61 Of the twelve venues used, the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow and the Saint Petersburg Stadium the two largest stadiums in Russia were used most, both hosting seven matches. 102 22 Opening ceremony Main article: 2018 fifa World Cup opening ceremony The opening ceremony took place on Thursday, at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, preceding the opening match of the tournament between hosts Russia and Saudi Arabia. 38 On, fifa released the list of 13 video assistant referees, who solely acted in this capacity in the tournament. For the first time, the fair play criteria came into use, when Japan qualified over Senegal due to having received fewer yellow cards.